Analisis Pascakolonialisme Gadis Pantai Karya Pramoedya Ananta Toer dalam Teori Homi K. Bhabha

Ummu Fatimah Ria Lestari


This research discusses about the identity forms of postcolonial in Gadis Pantai by Pramoedya Ananta Toer. It was analyzed by Homi K. Bhabas postcolonial theory. The goal of this research is to describe and to analyze the postcolonial identity forms in Gadis Pantai that written by Pramoedya Ananta Toer. The result of this research can support literary works, especially postcolonial study and its using in literary research. The method of this research is descriptive qualitative. It was done by some ways, it consist of to collect data, to manage data, and to analyze data. Then the data was managed and analyzed. Analyzing data used the deconstruction method. This research took some conclusions, they are 1) the postcolonial identity consists of stereotype, mimicry, hybrid, and ambivalence was found on novel, 2) the colonizer created stereotype if their colony people is just their slaves. The colony people do mimicry by to imitate about fashion, foods, and game of the colonizer. The hybrid between the colonizer and colony people was found in drinking coffee style, using shoes, culinary, and tools of eat. Ambivalence in this novel was found in character Bendoro and "Mardinah".


novel, Gadis Pantai, identity, postcolonial

Full Text:



Faruk. 2007. Belenggu Pascakolonial: Hegemoni dan Resistensi dalam Sastra Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Foulcher, Keith dan Tony Day. 2008. Sastra Indonesia Modern: Kritik Postkolonial. Edisi Revisi Clearing a Space. Jakarta: KITLV dan Obor.

Loomba, Ania. 2016. Kolonialisme/Pascakolonialisme. Yogyakarta: Narasi.

Moore-Gilbert, 2000. Postcolonial Theory: Context, Practices, Politics. London:Verso.

Nurhadi. 2007. Poskolonial: Sebuah Pembahasan. Dalam makalah Seminar Rumpun Sastra di FBS UNY tanggal 7 Desember 2007 Hal. 1-19. Yogyakarta: FBS UNY.

Ratna, Nyoman Kutha. 2008. Postkolonialisme Indonesia: Relevansi Sastra. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Suwondo, Tirto. 2016. Pragmatisme Pascakolonial: Trilogi Gadis Tangsi dalam Sistem Komunikasi Sastra. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Toer, Pramoedya Ananta. 2011. Gadis Pantai. Cetakan ketujuh. Jakarta: Lentera Dipantara.

Young, Roberth C. 1995. Colonial Desire: Hybridity in Theory, Culture, and Race. London and New York: Routledge.


Mashlihatin, Anis. 2013. Teori Pascakolonialisme Homi K. Bhabha: Ontologi dan Epistemologinya, Sebuah Penjelajahan Awal. (Online). ( diunduh tanggal 8 Desember 2016 pukul 19.09 WIB).




  • There are currently no refbacks.
View My Stats -->